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Electric shock emergency rescue knowledge

Release time:

2018-01-27

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Summary:

The performance of electric shock after electric shock, light only local limb numbness or tremor, pale, individual electric shock will occur dizzy. The heavy ones were knocked to the ground, unconscious, heart beating and breathing stopped. Electric shock can cause electrical burns, burn area white, black, occurs in the current through the site. Electric shock first aid requirements and principles of electric shock first aid requirements: found that someone after electric shock, first as soon as possible to make it out of the power supply, and then according to the specific circumstances of the electric shock, rapid symptomatic rescue. The basic principles of electric shock rescue: should be quickly out of the power supply, on-site rescue, accurate standard, adhere to the "eight-character principle" of rescue ". At the same time should be based on

The performance of electric shock

After electric shock, light only local limb numbness or tremor, pale, individual electric shock will occur dizzy. The heavy ones were knocked to the ground, unconscious, heart beating and breathing stopped. Electric shock can cause electrical burns, burn area white, black, occurs in the current through the site.

 

Requirements and principles of first aid for electric shock

Electric shock first aid requirements: found that someone after electric shock, first as soon as possible to make it out of the power supply, and then according to the specific circumstances of the electric shock, rapid symptomatic rescue.

The basic principles of electric shock rescue: should be quickly out of the power supply, on-site rescue, accurate standard, adhere to the "eight-character principle" of rescue ". At the same time, according to the needs of the injured, quickly contact the hospital for timely rescue.

 

Electric shock first aid method

 

The method of rescuing the electric shock person from the power supply

 

(1) Safety precautions. Mainly include the following:

① The rescuer shall not use metal and other wet articles as rescue tools.

Before taking any insulation measures, the rescue personnel shall not directly touch the skin and damp clothes of the electric shock.

③ In the process of getting the electric shock out of the power supply, it is best for the ambulance personnel to operate with one hand to prevent electric shock from happening again.

④ When the electric shock person stands or is located in a high place, measures should be taken to prevent the electric shock from falling or falling after being separated from the power supply.

⑤ When an electric shock accident occurs at night, the accident lighting or temporary lighting after cutting off the power supply should be considered to facilitate rescue.

 

(2) the specific method to make the electric shock out of the power supply. Mainly include the following:

① If you touch low-voltage live equipment, you should quickly cut off the power supply, open the power switch or knife switch, or use insulating tools, dry wooden sticks, wooden boards and other non-conductive things to relieve the electric shock. You can also seize the dry clothes of the electric shock person and disconnect them (remember to avoid touching metal objects and the exposed body of the electric shock person) to disconnect the electric shock person from the power supply.

② If you touch the high-voltage power supply equipment, you should quickly cut off the power supply or use insulation tools suitable for the voltage level (wear insulation gloves, wear insulation boots and use insulation rods) to relieve the electric shock (pay attention to your own safety during the rescue process)

③ If it touches the high-voltage line broken on the ground, the ambulance personnel shall not approach the broken place before confirming that the line has no power and safety measures (such as wearing insulated boots, etc.) are not taken to prevent the striding voltage from hurting people (but those who can temporarily jump their feet together are close to the injured)

 

On-site first aid methods

 

(1) symptomatic rescue treatment. Mainly include the following:

① The electrocuted person is not seriously injured, conscious, and not unconscious, but the limbs are numb, the whole body is weak, or the electrocuted person has been in a coma during the electrocution process, but has been awakened. Keep the air circulating and keep warm, so that the electrocuted person can rest quietly, observe closely, and ask the doctor for diagnosis and treatment or send to the hospital.

② If the injured person is seriously injured and has lost consciousness, but the heart beats and breathing still exist, the person who is electrocuted should lie down comfortably and quietly, and should be quickly referred to a doctor for treatment or sent to the hospital. If the electrocuted person has difficulty in breathing, his face is pale, and his spasm occurs, he should immediately ask a doctor for further rescue.

③ If the injury is very serious, respiratory arrest or cardiac arrest, or both, still can not be considered dead, should immediately artificial respiration and chest cardiac compression, and quickly ask a doctor for treatment or sent to the hospital.

 

(2) Treatment of trauma. If the electrocuted person is injured, he can wash the injury with sterile physiological saline or warm boiled water first, then bandage with cloth or cloth, and then send him to the hospital for treatment. If the wound is bleeding, you should try to stop the bleeding. The usual method is to lift the bleeding limb high, or use clean gauze to tie the bleeding.

 

Precautions for emergency rescue:

(1) If the skin of the injured person changes from purple to red and the pupil changes from large to small during the first aid, the effect will be shown. When the lips of the electrocuted person are slightly opened and closed, the eyelids are movable or the throat has pharynx-like movements, whether breathing and heartbeat recover should be observed. Unless the breathing and heartbeat of the electrocuted person return to normal, or there is obvious death (pupil dilation without light reaction, skin gray, body stiffness) and the doctor diagnoses death, the rescue can be terminated.

(2) For local trauma caused by electric injury and falling, on-site rescue should also be properly treated to prevent bacterial infection and falling fractures from stabbing surrounding tissues, so as to alleviate the pain of the injured.

 

 

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